About the District
The District of Nyagatare is one of the seven districts making the Eastern Province. It is divided into 14 Sectors made of 106 cells and 630 Villages ”Imidugudu”. Spreading an area of 1.741 Km2, the district borders with Uganda at the north, Tanzania at its East, at the South by Gatsibo District and by Gicumbi District on the Western border.
The District of Nyagatare is characterized, in general, by lowly inclined hills separated by dry allies for a long period of the year ( June- October). The District is located in the granite low valley whose the overage altitude is 1513,5m. This kind of topographical layout constitutes an important potentiality for modern and mechanized agriculture.
The District of Nyagatare experiences small quantity of rains and hot temperatures. It is characterized by two main seasons : one long dry season that varies between 3 and 5 months with an annual overage temperature varying between 25,3°C et 27,7°C. The monthly distribution of the rains varies from one year to another. Annual rain falls are both very weak (827 mm/an) and very unpredictable to satisfy the needs in agriculture and livestock.
The hydrographic network is very limited in the District of Nyagatare. A part from the River Muvumba that cut across the District, the Akagera and Umuyanja Rivers passing the District constituting its limits with Tanzania and Uganda , respectively, there is no other consistent river that can be exploited by the population in Nyagatare. Few of the rivers found there such as Nyiragahaya, Kayihenda, Karuruma, Nayagasharara and Kaborogota are erratic and intermittent. The weak river network constitutes a serious handicap to responding to the needs of water for people and animals.
Fauna et Flora
The District of Nyagatare contains half of Akagera National Park where is found a vast number of Wild life including buffalo, Antelopes and more other ruminants. The District also accommodates a huge variety of birds such as birds of prey, guinea-fowl, partridges, heroes and so forth. The hares, Wild boars, monkeys and more other small beasts of the rodent family are rarely found in the wooden savanna and in the natural vegetation. There, in the River Umuvumba, you will find Hippopotamus. Due to the fact that the park is not fenced, animals can come out to cause some damages in the neighboring human inhabited areas.
The Flora in Nyagatare is made, in general, by an afforested savanna vegetation and some forestry gallery. The latter constitutes a very precious reserve which should be rationally exploited.
The soil of this area is characterized by the tightness of the humifere layer of the soil brought about by the grassy savanna and by the vertisoils that are rich in nutrients mineral elements but lacking organic substances. These types of soils may be exploited with the help of modern agricultural techniques and form sorts of artificial pastures camps for livestock.